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MUSEO STORICO DI BERGAMO (HISTORICAL MUSEUM OF BERGAMO)
The nineteenth-century exhibition of the historical museum of Bergamo is set up in the complex of the Rocca (fortress). The path, which is organized in sections, begins with the arrival of French troops in Bergamo in 1797 and develops the main themes in the events happened on the territory of Bergamo until 1870, in relation to the history of Lombardy and Italy. Its aim is to offer an as much as possible complete view through different languages and testimonies.
The path makes use of environmental reconstructions, multimedia settings and removable explanatory file-cards as well as material testimonies, coming from collections owned by museum, city and provincial institutions and private citizens.

After an introduction on the Venetian rule, the exhibition proposes a reconstruction of the freedom tree, raised in March 1797 during the days of the Republic of Bergamo, and it analyses the political, cultural, social and economic situation of the territory from the invasion of the French until the fall of the Napoleonic regime.
 
La ricostruzione dell´albero della libertà
 
The reconstruction of
the freedom tree
 



 

Mappa
 
Map of Bergamo
worked out the cadastral
data of 1853

 
 
The section concerning the period 1815-1847, in the background of the new Austrian regime, pauses on the economic and social role of the Fair through a devoted thematic area, and on some important places and personalities (among which the composer Gaetano Donizzetti) of Bergamo cultural environment.

The city, its shape and its architectures become the protagonists; the image of Bergamo is reconstructed through original maps of that period, posters with statistical data, views and a multimedia settings with  planimetries created from the computerization of the cadastral data of the year 1853.

The various political and social elements of the revolutionary events in the Bergamo territory in the two-year period 1848-1849 are actually investigated.
Across the path, next to weapons and proclamations there are some everyday objects (three-coloured fans, cups, scarfs) which served as propagandistic instruments and as a proof of patriotic ”faith”.



 

The decade 1849-1859 is central to the exhibition; actually, Bergamo went through significant changes in those years from the urban and social point of view;  and besides, many of its people are the protagonists of the construction of the national unification.

The section opens with the reconstruction of a silk mill in order to highlight the centrality of this manufacture in the Bergamo economy and the primary role covered in the socio-political area by the entrepreneurs of this sector.



 

As a symbol of the patriotic debate of that decade,  the reconstruction of the living room of Canozzi’s home near Genova is suggested; it was the exile place  of the two brothers Giovan Battista and Gabriele from Bergamo,  as well as a political and democratic salon.

Bergamo is the city that in 1860 took to the south the largest number of volunteers (174) among the Garibaldians, and for this reason it is called the ”City of the Thousand” on its banner.

The visages, the events,the motivations and opinions of the volunteers from Bergamo are reconstructed in a devoted section through pictures and portraits, weapons, uniforms and documents, together with a multimedia setting that shows the expedition of the Thousand basing itself on the written testimonies left by two volunteers, Guido Sylva and Francesco Cucchi.
 
Sezione Napoleonica
 
Napoleonic Section



 

The path keeps going through the role taken by the citizens of Bergamo by completing the unification after  1860,  and showing the world of the city and the province: urban and territorial conformation, private and public welfare organization, education system and situation of the production, characterized by the coexistence of traditional activities and working methods with a more and more  intense industrial development, documented by a multimedia setting.

The exhibition closes with the reconstruction of Porta Nuova, the symbol of the hegemonic role taken by the built-up area on the plain in comparison with the one on the hill.
 
Francesco Cucchi
 
Francesco Cucchi



 

Il cortile interno dell´Ospedale San Marco
 
San Marco Hospital - internal courtyard